(Written: Wednesday, August 6,
2014)

West on Amtrak

Ok. So Marja
and I are traveling by train across the plains of North Dakota on our way from
DC to Seattle to go hiking and to see our West Coast children. We see a large wind farm, the blades
revolving so slowly that Marja wonders out-loud why they sometimes kill
migrating birds. I think, well, the ends
of the blades are probably moving more quickly than they seem. How fast, I wonder?

There being nothing better to do after staring out the
window at corn and grass and sky for a couple of hours, I decide to figure it
out. (For those of you who don’t care
how fast they’re going or don’t follow math easily, you might skip to the last
four paragraphs.)

I google the size of a wind-turbine blade: 116 feet
long (Holy smokes! I thought maybe 40 feet long). I time one revolution of the blades: six
seconds.

(Five years ago I could have gone from here and
figured the speed of the tips in my head, but I can’t come close now, so I take
a scrap piece of paper and write each step down.)

I’m happy that I remember from my basic geometry that
the circumference of a circle is πr (pi [3.14]
times the radius), so I calculate that the distance the tip travels in one
revolution is 364 feet. Now I need to
translate the feet into miles. I dig out
from my memory that one mile is 5280 feet; so the number of

*miles*traveled in one revolution is 364 divided by 5280 (364/5280). Since there are 60 seconds to a minute and 60 minutes to an hour, there are 3600 seconds in every hour. So the time of one revolution per hour is 6 divided by 3600 (6/3600). Therefore, the speed in miles per hour is the result of 364/5280 (the distance expressed in miles) divided by the result of 6/3600 (the time expressed as a fraction of an hour).
Now I realize that this may sound complicated when you
read it. If you write out the numbers
and if you know basic geometry and algebra, however, it’s really pretty straightforward.

(It would have been a whole lot simpler, of course, if
I’d done the long division of each of the separate fractions into their decimal
equivalents before proceeding, but in my confusion I didn’t see that until I’m
writing this blog post and checking it
over several times.)

The answer as a complex fraction is 364/5280 divided
by 6/3600. This should not be difficult
for a high-school valedictorian, Yale-graduate physician, whose best subject
was math. But I can’t do it, even on
paper. The source of my problem is a usual
one for me: it’s a multistep process. I should translate the feet traveled
into miles traveled; translate the time of one revolution per second to the
time per hour; make them into a complex fraction; and do the arithmetic. But by the time I finish with the first step
and begin the second, I’m already confused about where I am in the process. I keep flipping each of the fractions,
multiplying and dividing and getting thoroughly confused. My scrap paper is covered with the four
numbers (364, 5280, 6 and 3600) in various combinations plus others I can’t
remember the source of.

So I finally remember to calculate the decimal
equivalents by dividing the fraction in the numerator (364/5280) into its
decimal equivalent, but I get confused even doing that. (

*Divide the numerator by the denominator, right? Or is it the other way around? How do I do the long division of 364 divided by 5280? C’mon, David; long division is elementary school arithmetic!*) I figure out one of the decimals and now I can’t remember where I am in the process, which of the fractions on the paper means what? My brain feels parboiled.
Finally, I have either to give up or “cheat” using the
calculator on my phone. I calculate the 364/5280
into a decimal (0.069 of a mile) and write it down on a fresh piece of paper. Then I calculate the 6/3600 into its decimal
form (0.00166) hour and write that down.
Finally, I divide the nominator decimal by the denominator decimal and
get 43 mph.

I then decide that you might be interested in reading the
whole debacle. But as I write the fifth paragraph
above about my calculations, I notice that in my first step I used the wrong
formula: The circumference is supposed to be pi times the

**diameter**and not pi times the**radius**.*Does that make my result twice as large or half as large?*I have to work that out on paper, too. And now I can’t remember what my initial result was nor can I find it in the jungle of numbers on the papers, so I recalculate the whole thing on my calculator, getting confused again along the way. I make so many mistakes that it takes me perhaps twenty minutes just to repeat the simple process. And checking all the calculations again takes me another half an hour, and I’m still not sure I’m right. So far, I’ve gotten three different answers, but the final one seems right.
To those of you who wisely jumped here after the
third paragraph or tried and didn’t make it through the preceding paragraphs, I
don’t mean to imply that

*anyone*should be able to figure this out easily. The point is that*I*used to be able to get an approximate answer to something like this in less than a minute in my head; With pencil and paper I could get the exact answer in two or three minutes. And now it takes me well over an hour and the use of a calculator to work out an answer I’m only shakily confident in.
If ever I need clear demonstration of my decline,
something like this is it. I have no
idea why my decline doesn’t show up
on cognitive testing, but the reality is obvious.

For about a minute I notice myself getting depressed
about it, but that lifts pretty quickly.
I already know that I’m cognitively impaired. Do I really care how fast the tips of the
propellers are moving? No, I don’t. (It’s 83 miles an hour if you’re interested,
probably fast enough to clobber a goose who’s blindly following the goose in
front of him while daydreaming about his mate and not paying enough attention
to the blades.) Perhaps I used to care about
impressing and amazing my friends by figuring out the approximate answer in
less than a minute, but I’m actually happier now not being so hooked on the
need to be superior.

Values change.
I enjoy most of my new values better than the ones they’ve replaced. I’ll put up with the occasional confusion.

Thanks so much for posting this, central paragraphs and blind alleys and all. It's a lovely and very accurate description of what goes on for me. Sometimes with math, other times with music, or trying to talk about the plot of a movie. What used to be possible to figure out in my head, quickly, has become not quite possible to work out laboriously, with pencil and paper, slowly and with double- and triple-checking.

ReplyDeleteI suspect that the reason this doesn't show up (for either you or me) in the testing is that the testing is measuring mostly-shorter processes, and for me it's the problem of getting lost in the steps, not remembering whether I did step one or step two already.

Packing for a trip is the same kind of problem. I have no difficulty knowing what should be packed, and no difficulty locating things in their closet or drawers. But: Have I already packed the underwear? or just thought about it? How many shirts have I pulled out? Where's my list? And did I actually pack what I just checked off?

I think you deserve huge credit for working the answer out (regardless the fact it takes longer now, which also shows you can focus on that for that length of time), as at the age of 51 I usually take the easy option of typing a question into Google and expecting an instant answer. Then I wonder how much Google, Sat Nav/GPS in cars, spell checks, apps and other technology (that gives me instant answers) for thing that I used to think about or have to research is now dulling my thought process. What yo are doing still is so much better!

ReplyDeleteI usually find that I enjoy the process of working these things out by myself. Whether intentionally or not, I've tended to avoid using the technology for things I'd just as soon do myself; on the other hand looking something up on Google that I wouldn't be able to find otherwise feels like a great blessing.

DeleteI see that I missed at least one "s" and a "u" in my comment above by posting my comment quickly without spell checking what I wrote. :)

ReplyDeleteAs a retired math teacher, I love it that you did this, I love it that you caught your mistake, and I love it that you are comfortable with the process being longer than it used to be. YOU ROCK, DAVID! :-)

ReplyDeleteI second it ms Cain. Esp the being comfortable part...

ReplyDeleteDavid, ... I find now that I am just too mentally lazy to attempt such calculations in my head, even though I presume I could; but a facility not used becomes less adroit with time, and it is no longer important to me.

ReplyDeleteJust a hint though, from my chemical engineering education, where conversion of units was a constant need, write out the units along with the numbers, and "cancel" them out, to keep the conversion straight, e.g., 60 sec/min x 60 min/hour = 3600 sec/hour, etc.

So, do keep writing, enjoy your trip to Seattle, and

All the best,

You're right, of course, as I remember from my algebra classes. But I only thought about using the correct units afterwards. Anyway, I didn't need to do that previously.

DeleteDavid, Meaning absolutely no disrespect.... may I say I am ROFL........ if you can describe things with such a good sense of humor, then the battle may be won. Keep kicking!

ReplyDelete